FERREIRA, António Fialho
He was born in Sesimbra, son of Pedro Fialho and Clara Gomes, and married with Catarina Cerqueira, daughter of Jorge Cerqueira, from Lamego, and Macao-born Maria Pires. In the first half of the 17th century, he established himself as merchant in this city.
He was Clerk in Santa Casa da Misericórdia in Macao in 1628 and 1629. He served as Commodore for the Macau-Manila travel between 1630 and 1633, when the monopoly of travel between Japan and Manila was given to Lopo Sarmento de Carvalho, his brother in law.
Living about 23 years in Macao, he integrated the circle of the Elected and the Associates in the 1630s. He participated in the debate of 1631-1637 on the new type of election for travel Administrator to Japan, which was imposed by the Viceroy Count of Linhares upon suggestion of the Chief Judge Sebastião Soares Pais. In 1638, he left Macao and left for the Kingdom as an attempt to solve the conflicts he had with a large part of his co-citizens. On January of 1641, he and his son Constantino Fialho were elected ?Familiares? (secular officials) of the Holy Office. Banished by the elite of economy and power of the city, he did not exercise a great influence over the contradictions of 1642 in which the Governor of the Bishopric of China, Friar Bento de Cristo, opposed to the Commissaries of the Holy Office, Father Gaspar Luis and Father Gaspar do Amaral. He signed the Term of May 31st, 1642 on the occasion of the acclamation of D. João IV.
BOXER, Charles, O Grande Navio de Amacau, Macau, Fundação Oriente e Museu e Centro de Estudos Marítimos de Macau, 1989. IDEM, Macau na Época da Restauração, vol.II, Lisboa, Fundação Oriente, 1993. PENALVA, Elsa, Lutas pelo Poder em Macau (c.1590-c.1660), Universidade de Lisboa (dissertação de doutoramento policopiada), 2005.
Author: Elsa Penalva
Translated by: Ana Pereira