TEODÓSIO, D. (?-1563)
5th Duke of Braganza, 3rd Duke of Guimarães.
He was the son of Dom Jaime, 4th Duke of Braganza and Dona Leonor de Mendonça.
He succeded his father in the dukedom of Braganza after his death, in 1532.
Three years latter, Dom Teodósio was supposed to accompany Prince Luis in the enterprise to La Goulette, in help of Emperor Carlos V. But King João III forbade him to go. Unlike the Prince, the Duke obeyed and remained in the kingdom. He was named constable of the kingdom that same year, thus replacing Prince Luis.
On December the 9th 1540, the king named him frontier commander of the provinces of Minho and Trás-os-Montes.
His marriaged was arranged by King João III and Queen Catarina, who decided the Duke would marry within his own lineage. Dona Isabel de Lencastre was the chosen bride. She was his first cousin, the daughter of his uncle Dom Dinis, and of Dona Beatriz de Castro, Lady of the House of Lemos. Dona Isabel had been raised in the Royal Palace since her father?s death and had a close relationship with Queen Catarina. The wedding contract was signed in the Royal Palace on June the 19th 1542, and a grandiose wedding celebration took place on June the 25th, that same year, in Vila Viçosa.
In October 1543, the Duke and the archbishop of Lisbon accompanied Princess Maria who was to be wedded to Dom Filipe, the heir of Castile.
Duchess Isabel de Lencastre died on August the 24th 1558, having given birth to only one son, Dom João, who latter succeeded his father in the dukedom.
The following year, on September the 4th, the Duke remarried to Dona Beatriz of Lencastre, daughter of Dom Luis of Lencastre, Commander of the Order of Aviz and son of Dom Jorge, Duke of Coimbra. The Duke?s second wedding was due to a personal choice rather than a thought trough marriage strategy. The wedding took place with no royal licence and against the will of the regent, Dona Catarina. When she was informed of the wedding, she banished the Duke from the court, causing him to move to Torres Vedras. But this exile did not last. Dom Teodósio had three children from his second marriage: Dom Jaime, commander of S. Martinho de Moreira in the Order of Christ, and Dona Isabel, Duchess of Caminha and Marquise of Vila Real.
In 1558, at the Duke?s suggestion, his brother, Dom Constantino de Bragança, was nominated Viceroy of India. His retinue included a large number of servants of the House of Braganza, which helped increased the network of influences of the dukedom.
He never participated in military actions, but he sent 400 horses in rescue of Safi and he was chosen by Queen Catarina to lead the help sent to Mazagan, which was under siege. However, the Duke did not leave the kingdom for the Queen took so much time to make a decision (which, at the time, made her a target for criticism) the Moors abandoned the place.
Dom Teodósio took an interest in the life of the European courts and he had agents in the Roman Curia, in the Emperor?s court and in Venice, who kept him informed of the major events, which he afterwards told in the Livros de Muitas Cousas [Books on many things].
In July 1560 he got permission from the Pope to found a university, which would have the same privileges as the University of Coimbra, in the Convent of St. Augustine in Vila Viçosa. The construction works began, but they were interrupted upon the Duke?s death, on September the 20th 1463.
PELÚCIA, Alexandra, Martim Afonso de Sousa e a sua linhagem: a elite dirigente do Império Português nos reinados de D. João III e D. Sebastião, Tese de Doutoramento apresentada à FCSH/UNL (texto policopiado), 2007. SOUSA, António Caetano de, História Genealógica da Casa Real Portuguesa, tomo VI, nova edição revista por M. Lopes de Almeida e César Pegado, Coimbra, Atlântida Livraria Editora, 1948.
Translated by: Dominique Faria