NORONHA, Dom Pedro António de (1161-1731)
3rd Viceroy of Brazil (1714-1718).
He was born on 13 June, 1661, and died on 16 July, 1731.
Dom Pedro António de Noronha was the 1st Marquis of Angeja and the 2nd Count of Vila Verde. He inherited from his father, D. António de Noronha, the property of Vila Verde and of Lapaduço, Portela do Sol, Rechaldeira. He was also the Lord of the villages of Angeja, Bemposta e Pinheiro, of the places of S. Martinho de Salreu, Fermelãs, Fermelainha, Canelas, Pinheiro and Branca, chief alcaide and Knight Commander of Aljezur in the Order of Santiago, of Santa Maria, in Penamacor, and of the prestimony of São Sebastião de Moucos, in the Order of Christ.
He was Councillor of State and of War, royal treasurer, cavalry general, Lord Steward of the princess of Brazil. In 1692, he was appointed Viceroy of India where he had to tackle the disorders caused by the members of the clergy.
When he returned to the Kingdom he served as cavalry general in the province of Alentejo, and in the capacity of master captain-general he participated in the 1706 campaign that led to the taking over of Madrid. In 1710, he was at the command of the army of Alentejo with the post of military governor.
In 1714, Dom Pedro António de Noronha took office as Viceroy of Brazil, as well as governor-general of all captaincies. During his rule several uprisings took place in Bahia, under the pretext of an incomplete execution. Two criminals had been sentenced to death on the scaffold and when one of them fell to the ground still alive the brotherhood of Misericórdia rushed to protect him, but the executioner killed the convict. This event caused a social upheaval but the governor pacified the town by the force of arms.
The Viceroy also managed to impose the ten per cent tribute in spite of the protests and disorders it caused.
In fulfilment of the Treaty of Utrecht, which recognised Portuguese sovereignty over the colony of Sacramento, the governor sent Manuel Gomes Barbosa over there, in 1716, to rule the settlement.
As Minas Gerais was still an important source of gold, a Royal decree determined the existence of foundries near each mine, for the purpose of casting the gold into bar moulds.
The Viceroy left Brazil when the term of his mandate ended, in 1718.
In 1676, he married Dona Isabel Maria Antónia de Mendonça, daughter of Dom Henrique de Sousa Tavares, the 1st Marquis of Arronches, the 2nd Count of Miranda, the Lord of the House of Sousa, and of his wife, Dona Mariana de Castro.
He was the father of Dom António Noronha (1680-1735), the 3rd Count of Vila Verde and the 2nd Marquis of Angeja.
CAMPO BELO, Conde de, Governadores Gerais e Vice-Reis do Brasil, Lisboa, Agência Geral das Colónias, 1935. Nova história da expansão portuguesa, dir. Joel Serrão e A. H. Oliveira Marques, vol. VII, O império Luso Brasileiro: 1620-1750, coord. de Fréderic Mauro, Lisboa, Estampa, 1991. VARNHAGEN, Francisco Adolfo de, História Geral do Brasil: antes da sua separação e independência de Portugal, São Paulo, Ed. Melhoramentos, 4ªed., 1948. ZÚQUETE, Afonso Eduardo Martins, Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil, Lisboa, ed. Enciclopédia, 1960-1989.
Author: Rita Domingues
Translated by: Leonor Sampaio da Silva